India on Sunday successfully test fired its nuclear-capable long-range ballistic missile Agni-IV. The missile was launched from complex-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Dr Abdul Kalam Island, earlier known as Wheeler Island, at about 8.35 am. The surface-to-surface ballastic missile if deployed in Northeast India, can cover entire China. The missile met all the objectives during the test-fire. This was the 7th trial of Agni-IV missile. The last trial of the missile was conducted on January 2, 2018.
Here some key features of Agni-IV:
The missile has a striking range of 4,000 Km.
It has two stages of solid propulsion and a payload with re-entry heat shield.
Agni-IV is equipped with modern and compact avionics to provide high level of reliability and precision.
The missile is indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Agni-IV missile is equipped with advanced Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture.
It can correct and guide itself for in-flight disturbances.
The missile is also equipped with Ring Laser Gyro-based Inertial Navigation System (RINS), supported by highly reliable redundant Micro Navigation System (MINGS) which ensures that it hits its target with great precision.
Its length is 20 meters and launch weight 17 tonnes.
Agni-IV can withstand temperatures in the range of 4000 degrees centigrade as it has re-entry heat shield which also makes sure that the weapon functions normally under 50 degrees centigrade.
India has also varied range of ballistic Missiles like Agni-I and Agni-II missiles, Prithvi series missiles, Shaurya missile and Sagrika missile. In addition to this we have Anti-Tank Guided missile – Nag. India also possesses Akash and Astra Missiles. If we talk about cruise missiles, India possesses deadly rahmos supersonic cruise missile. BrahMos can travel at three times the speed of sound, attaining maximum speed of Mach 3.0. Nirbhaya is another cruise missile which India is looking forward to. It is still under trial phase. Once developed Nirbahaya is said to supplement the role played by BrahMos missile.
The Defence Ministry on Saturday approved military procurement worth Rs 3,000 crore including Brahmos supersonic cruise missiles for Navy’s two stealth frigates which are to be manufactured by Russia. Apart from Brahmos Missiles, the Defence Acquisition Committee (DAC) also gave a green signal to the purchase of armoured recovery vehicles (ARVs) for the Indian Army’s Arjun main battle tanks. The meeting of the DAC was chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. Meanwhile, the ARVs are designed and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and would be manufactured by defence public sector undertaking Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML).
The move came days after Naval chief Admiral Sunila Lanba’s visit to Russia. In October, India signed a $1 billion deal with Russia to purchase two ‘Project 1135.6’ frigates. Meanwhile, India also signed another deal of $550 million with Russia from to manufacture two frigates of the same class at Goa Shipyard Limited with transfer of technology. According to reports, taking into consideration the United States’ Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) against Russia, India could make payments for the ships using the rupee-rouble route. India already operates six of the Talwar-class (Project 1135.6) frigates.
The BrahMos is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. It is the fastest cruise missile in the world. It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India’s DRDO who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace. The missile travels at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0, which is being upgraded to Mach 5.0. Last year, supersonic crise missile was successfully test fired from the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) frontline Sukhoi-30 MKI combat jet.
Silent features of Arjun Mark 2:
It is a third generation main battle tank developed by DRDO, for the Indian Army. The Arjun has a 120 mm main rifled gun with indigenously developed armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot ammunition, one PKT 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, and a NSVT 12.7 mm machine gun. It is powered by a single MTU multi-fuel diesel engine rated at 1,400 hp, and can achieve a maximum speed of 67 km/h (42 mph) and a cross-country speed of 40 km/h (25 mph). Meanwhile, in 2014, the DAC gave the green signal for the Rs 6,600-crore procurement of 118 Arjun Mark II MBTsto equip two regiments
After carrying out extensive war drills along the borders with China, the Indian Air Force (IAF) had also carried out war-like operations on the locations from where the Chinese can gain entry into the Indian waters. During the second phase of the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) mega war-exercise, Gagan Shakti-2018, Sukhoi-30 MKIs equipped with BrahMos missiles carried out strikes in the Malacca Strait. Malacca strait is the entry point Chinese naval ships has entered the Indian Ocean region.
The aircraft also carried out a sortie of over 2,000 kilometers where they were provided mid-air refuelling by Ilyushin 78 tankers and direction by the Airborne Early Warning Systems (AWACS), India Today reported citing sources. The Sukhoi -30 MKI launched BrahMos missiles. This showcased the capability of the aircraft to destroy enemy’s fighter jets from a distance of 300 km.
The Gagan Shakti 2018 which concluded yesterday was the biggest war-exercise carried out by the IAF. The two-week long exercise was conducted in two phases along the borders with Pakistan and China. In the first phase, its western command and south-western air command showcased the capability to counter enemy’s aggression on the western front, while in the second phase, the formations focused on the Chinese frontiers.
Entire fleet strength of the Indian Air Force took part in the exercise. Sorties were carried out across the entire country. Mid-air refueling, evacuation of war causalities from border to military hospitals, Advance Landing Ground Operations are performed during the exercise. IAF paratroopers also exhibited their skills in countering any emergency situation. The main aim of this exercise was to check the war preparedness of the force. Joint maritime operations were also conducted by the IAF in coordination with the Indian Army and the Indian Navy. Defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman and air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa also reviewed the exercise. Around 1,100 IAF aircrafts participated in the exercise. According to reports, 15,000 airmen and 300 officers were also part of the Gagan Shakti 2008.
This exercise has surely given a strong message to the rival nations and hs enhanced the morale of the forces.
India successfully test fired BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from Rajasthan’s Pokhran test range on 22nd March 2018 around 8:42 AM. The missile was test fired with an indigenous seeker developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Earlier India used to use seekers made by Russia. Initially the range of BrahMos was capped at 290 Km due to the restrictions put up by Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). Since India’s entry into the group, the range has been increased to 450 KM.
BrahMos can travel at three times the speed of sound, attaining maximum speed of Mach 3.0
Last year in November India successfully test fired BrahMos from Sukhoi -30 MKI.
Nirbhaya is another cruise missile which India is looking forward to. It is still under trial phase. Once developed Nirbahaya is said to supplement the role played by BrahMos missile. Till now five trials have been conducted. Nirbhaya is a long range subsonic missile weighing up to 1,500 Kg and having an operational range from 1,000 km up to 1,500 km. Nirbhaya can attain maximum speed of 0.7 Mach.
India along with Russia is developing BrahMos-II missile. It is expected to get ready for testing by the year 2020. BrahMos-II is expected to have a maximum speed of 7 Mach. Making it the fastest cruise missile in the world. An operation range is expected range between 450 Km – 600 Km.
India has also varied range of ballistic Missiles like Agni Series missiles, Prithvi series missiles, Shaurya missile and Sagrika missile. In addition to this we have Anti-Tank Guided missile – Nag. India also possesses Akash and Astra Missiles.