Lady Officers in Indian Army to Get Permanent Commission

In a landmark move, lady officers will now be granted permanent commission (PC) in all 10 branches of the Indian Army. The defence ministry in a statement on Tuesday said, “Women officers will be granted permanent commission in the Indian Army in all the ten branches where women are inducted for short service commission.” The statement further added that Short Service Commission (SSC) lady officers would give their option for PC before completion of four years of commissioned service and they would exercise option for grant of PC and their choice of specialisation. Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

SSC lady officers will be considered for grant of PC based on suitability, merit and will be employed in various staff appointment. The ministry had earlier approved the the same for the Indian Air Force. All the branches of the IAF including fighter pilots are open to Lady officers. Whereas, in the Indian Navy, all non-sea going branches/cadre/specialisation have been opened for induction of lady officers through SSC. “In addition to education, Law & Naval Constructor branch/cadre, lady SSC officers have been made eligible for grant of Permanent Commission in the Naval Armament branch, at par with the male officers,” the ministry said. History created: Lady Cadets secure top honours at OTA.

Meanwhile, in Januaru this year, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced to induct women in the Personnel Below Officer Rank (PBOR) of the military police corps for the first time ever. Terming the decision ‘historic’, Nirmala Sitharaman said induction of women in the military police would enhance their representation in the armed forces.

 

Advertisements

Pakistan Navy Claims it Thwarted Indian Submarine From Entering Its Waters; Indian Navy Terms it as ‘False Propaganda

Pakistan today claimed that its navy chased away the Indian Naval submarine after it entered its waters on March 4. A Pakistani Navy spokesperson said that they used its specialised skills to ward off the submarine, successfully keeping it from entering Pakistani waters. The spokesperson further added that the Indian submarine was not targeted keeping in view Pakistan’s policy of peace. Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

The Pakistani Navy also released a video allegedly of the Indian submarine. The video, shot from air, shows the mast of a submarine above water. However sources in the Indian Navy rejected the Pakistan’s claims. The navy said that it remain deployed as necessary to protect National Maritime Interests. The Indian Navy further added that over the past several days have witnessed Pakistan indulging in false propaganda and it do not take cognisance of such propaganda. Its deployment remains undeterred, added the Navy. ‘R-73 Selected’, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman’s Last Radio Message Before Ejecting Out of Mig-21 Bison.

Today’s development came amid the increasing tensions between both the countries following the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) strikes on Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terror camps in Pakistan’s Balakot to avenge the February 14 Pulwama attack. JeM claimed responsibility of the attack in which 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel were martyred.

IAF Air Strikes in Pakistan: ‘We Don’t Count the Dead, Says Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa After BJP Chief Amit Shah Claims Over 250 JeM Terrorists Killed in Balakot

Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa on Monday during a press conference in Tamil Nadu’s Coimbatore, said that the Indian Air Force (IAF) only focussed on whether targets were hit or not and didn’t count the number of casualties suffered by terrorists. He further added the number of casualties at the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) training camp would be released by the government. The Air Chief Marshal said, “The IAF is not in a position to clarify the number of casualties. The government will clarify that. We don’t count human casualties, we count what targets we have hit or not.” ‘R-73 Selected’, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman’s Last Radio Message Before Ejecting Out of Mig-21 Bison.

Speaking on the targets being hit, he said, “The target has been clearly amplified by the Foreign Secretary, Vijay Gokhale in his statement. If we plan to hit the target, we hit the target, otherwise why would he (Pakistan PM Imran Khan) have responded. If we dropped bombs in the jungles, why would he respond.” When asked about why Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was flying Mig-21 Bison which is considered to be an ageing fighter jet, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa termed it a capable aircraft. Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

Media interaction of Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa:

He further stated, “It has been upgraded, has better radar, air-to air missiles and better weapons system.” Meanwhile, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa also made it clear that the Wg Cdr Varthaman would be flying fighter jets only after being declared fit. Lockheed Martin Busts Pakistan’s Lie; American Aircraft Manufacturer Not to Sue India For Claiming IAF’s MiG-21 Bison Shot Down PAF F-16 Fighter Jet.

Yesterday, The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) chief Amit Shah during  a rally in Gujarat claimed that over 250 terrorists were killed in the strike. On February 26, 12 Mirage-2000 fighter jets crossed the Line of Control and destroyed terror camps of JeM in Pakistan’s Balakot. In retaliation, the very next day, fighter jets of Pakistan Air Force (PAF) violated the Indian airspace. The IAF fighter jets intercepted PAF aircraft. Pakistan’s F-16 Which Violated Indian Air Space Shot Down by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman with Mig-21 Bison; IAF Presents Cover of AMRAAM Missile As Evidence.

Wg Cdr Varthaman was part of a team comprising of six Mi-21 Bison pilots who took off from Srinagar, apart from Su-30 MKIs, Mig-29s and Mirage-2000s from other air force stations. According to reports, the dogfight lasted for about 15 minutes, during which the IAF pilot managed to “lock on” to PAF’s F-16 and then fired R-73 missile. The IAF officer was released almost after 60 hours  by Pakistan on March 1.

‘R-73 Selected’, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman’s Last Radio Message Before Ejecting Out of Mig-21 Bison

Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman’s last radio message before ejecting his Mig-21 Bison was, “R-73 selected”. He then let loose the Vympel R-73 air-to-air missile at the Pakistan fighter jet, F-16, before he himself was hit. The dogfight between the Indian fighter jet and the Pakistan warplane started after the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) violated the Indian airspace on February 27. The PAF fighters dropped bombs at army formation camps in West of Rajouri in Sunderbani of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

After ejecting from his MIg-21 Bison, his parachute drifted in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) where he was taken into custody by the Pakistani Army. A day after the Indian Air Force (IAF) destroyed terror camps of Jaish-e-Mohammed in Pakistan’s Balakot on February 26, the PAF fighter jets violated the Indian airspace. Pakistan deployed F-16s, JF-17s and Mirage-5 attack jets in “a large strike packages” to retaliated against the IAF’s action. Pakistan’s F-16 Which Violated Indian Air Space Shot Down by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman with Mig-21 Bison; IAF Presents Cover of AMRAAM Missile As Evidence.

Wg Cdr Varthaman was part of a team comprosing of six Mi-21 Bison pilots who took off from Srinagar, apart from Su-30 MKIs, Mig-29s and Mirage-2000s from other air force stations. According to reports, the dogfight lasted for about 15 minutes, during which the IAF pilot managed to “lock on” to PAF’s F-16 and then fired R-73 missile. It is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by Vympel NPO. Lockheed Martin Busts Pakistan’s Lie; American Aircraft Manufacturer Not to Sue India For Claiming IAF’s MiG-21 Bison Shot Down PAF F-16 Fighter Jet.

The IAF officer was released almost after 60 hours  by Pakistan on March 1. After his return from Pakistan via the Attari-Wagah border late on Friday night, the IAF pilot underwent a series of medical tests at Army’s Research and Referral (R&R) hospital in Delhi.. As per reports, he sustained a rib fracture, back contusion (bruise on lower back) and some bruises on the face, head and hands. The hospital confirmed that the IAF pilot did not suffer any ‘significant’ injury.

Budgam Mi-17 V5 Crash: Last Rites of Wg Cd Sidharth Vashisht and Sq Ldr Ninad Mandavgane Performed in Their Respective Native Places WIth Full MIlitary Honours

On February 27, when the entire nation was praying for the safety of Indian Air Force (IAF) Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, who was taken into custody by the Pakistan Army after his aircraft crashed into Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK), we lost lost six IAF personnel in a Mi-17 V5 helicopter crash in Jammu and Kashmir’s Budgam district. Amongst the deceased were Wing Commander Sidharth Sharma and Squadron Leader Ninad Mandavgane. Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

The other IAF personnel who lost their lives in the crash were identified as Sergeant Vikrant Sherawat, Corporal Deepak Pandey, Corporal Pankaj Kumar and engineer Vishal Kumar Pandey. One Civilian was also killed in the crash. The 20-year-old Kifayat Hussain, was caught in the explosion after the crashed helicopter landed in fields in Budgam. The accident occurred at 10:10 am in the morning on February 27. Lockheed Martin Busts Pakistan’s Lie; American Aircraft Manufacturer Not to Sue India For Claiming IAF’s MiG-21 Bison Shot Down PAF F-16 Fighter Jet.

Yesterday, the last rites of Wing Commander Vashisht was performed in Chandigarh. The IAF officer’s wife, Aarti is also a squadron leader. She laid a wreath before the last rites were performed. The IAF officer was a fourth-generation member from his family in the armed forces. He was commissioned in the IAF in 2010 and last month, he received commendation for his role in the rescue operation during the Kerala floods.
Last rites of Wing Commander Vashisht:

Meanwhile, the last rites of Sq Ldr Mandavgane were performed at Amardham Crematorium in Nashik were performed at Amardham Crematorium in Nashik on Friday with full state honours. People who gathered in large number at the crematorium to bid adieu to the pilot, shouted slogans for the martyr. On this his wife asked people to join defence forces instead of shouting slogans. who died in the line of duty. Last rites of Sq Ldr Mandavgane:

The crash took place at around 10:00 am when the IAF was responding to the air space violation by the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Initially, there were rumours that the ill-fated Mi-17 chopper was attacked by the PAF which crossed the Line of Control on Wednesday. Pakistan later denied any involvement in the crash. Meanwhile, on March 1, Pakistan released Wing Commander Varthaman after he was taken into custody by the Pakistan army after his fighter plane Mig-21 Bison crashed into Pakistan Occupied Kashmir during an ensuing battle. In the engagement, he also shot down Pakistan’s F-16 warplane before getting hit.

Lockheed Martin Busts Pakistan’s Lie; American Aircraft Manufacturer Not to Sue India For Claiming IAF’s MiG-21 Bison Shot Down PAF F-16 Fighter Jet

Another Pakistan’s lie was busted today, after Lockheed Martin, manufacturer of F-16,  rubbished a claim of Danyal Gilani, director in the Information Minister’s office and chairman of Pakistan’s Central Film Board. In a tweet, Gilani had claimed that the American aircraft manufacturer was going to sue India for ‘wrongly claiming’ that one of F-16 fighter jets of Pakistan was shot down by MiG-21 Bison during an aerial fight in Jammu and Kashmir on February 27. Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

He tweeted, “F-16 manufacturer Lockheed Martin to file law suit against false Indian claims & expresses annoyance over the factually incorrect claim of shooting down of Pakistan’s F-16 by IAF. Says all F-16s on Pakistani inventory r well counted for! (sic),”

Gilani's tweet

Replying to Gilani’s statement, Lockheed Martin tweeted that it had not made any sich claims.

After Lockheed Martin’s tweet, the chairman of Pakistan’s Central Film Board accepted that his statement was wrong. He tweeted, ” Thank you @LMIndiaNews. I acknowledge the statement is wrongly attributed to you. I picked it from a website. I take it back. However, I stand by Govt of #India’s failure to prove it downed a #Pakistani F-16. Indian media & journalists have caught #Indian govt disinformation.”

On February 28 too, The Indian Air Force (IAF) a exposed lie of Pakistan. During a joint press briefing of the Tri-service wings in New Delhi, Air Vice Marshal Ravi Kapoor showed an evidence to reporters that Pakistan used F-16 fighter jet to violated the Indian air space on February 27. The IAF presented a cover of AMRAAM missile fired from the Pakistani F-16 aircraft as a proof to prove its point. The F-16 was shot down by IAF’s Mig 21 Bison fighter jet during an engaging battle.

Meanwhile, on March 1, Pakistan released Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, the IAF pilot who was captured by the Pakistan Army after his aircraft was shot down. He returned to India via Attari border, Amritsat. He was released by Pakistan almost 60 hours after he was taken into custody by the Pakistani Army. The IAF pilot engaged the Pakistan fighter jets which violated the Indian air space on February 27, a day after the IAF conducted air strikes on Jaish-e-Mohammed terror camps in Pakistan’s Balakot. In the processed he crossed the Line of Control (LoC). As per reports, Wg Cd. Varthaman shot down PAF’s F-16 before getting hit.

Pakistan Air Force Pilot Shahzaz Ud Din Whose F-16 Was Shot Down by Wg Cd Abhinandan Varthaman Mistaken to be Indian; Lynched by PoK Locals?

On February 27, 2019, Pakistan claimed to have shot down two Indian fighter jets. DG ISPR Maj Gen Asif Ghafoor claimed that Pakistan had captured one Indian Air Force (IAF) pilot, while other two were in the area. But on the same day in the evening, he changed his statement. In another tweet, DG ISPR made a u-turn and said that there was only one pilot under Pakistan Army’s custody. He added that Wing Commander Abhinanadan was being treated with full military ethics.

Maj Gen. Ghafoor’s second tweet gave birth to many questions – why the earlier statement was changed from two pilots to one? what happened to the second pilot, who according to Pakistan was admitted to a hospital after sustaining injuries? why Pakistan is silent about the second pilot? Meanwhile, just couple of hours before the second claim of DG ISPR, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan also claimed to have captured two Indian pilots. According to him one was in the custody of the Pakistan Army and the other one was in hospital. Pakistan’s F-16 Which Violated Indian Air Space Shot Down by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman with Mig-21 Bison; IAF Presents Cover of AMRAAM Missile As Evidence.

On February 27, the day when the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) violated the Indian airspace, IAF’s fighter jets  Mig 21 Bisons, Su-30 MKI and Mirage-2000s intercepted the enemy aircraft. In the ensuing battle, IAF’s Mig-21 Bison flown by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman shot down PAF’s F-16 warplane which Wing Commander Shahzaz Ud Din was flying, claimed reports. However, Wg Cdr Varthaman’s plane was also hit either by a Pakistan’s missile from ground or from another PAF jet which is still not clear. Both the pilots ejected from their respective planes and landed at different locations in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK). F-16 Block 70 or Gripen E for Indian Air Force?

Meanwhile, Pak security forces saved IAF Wing Commander Varthaman from a mob and was taken to the Pakistani Army base, but PAF’s pilot who landed in Laam Valley, stretching out westward from Nowshehra into PoK was reportedly lynched by its own citizens, for mistaking him to be an Indian pilot. The PAF Wing Commander flew for the 19 Squadron, also known as the ‘Sher-Dils’. Later, he was taken to he hospital where he succumbed to injuries. When Pakistan realised what exactly happpened, its army changed the statement. IAF Wg Cd Varthaman is a son of Air Marshal (Retd) S Varthaman, while PAF’s Wg Cd Shahzaz was a son of Air Marshal Waseem Ud Din, DCAS (Operations) of the PAF.

The news about Shahzaz was reported by UK-based lawyer Umar Khaleed.

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/post.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Fkhalid.umar%2Fposts%2F10158397550900031&width=500

A local confirming that two pilots were seen landing in PoK.

Pakistan also declined to accept the fact that their plane was shot down by the Indian Mig 21 Bison. It is possibly because the United States of America restricted Pakistan at the time of the contract from inadvertent usage of F-16 fighter jets apart from anti-terror operations.

Meanwhile, Wg Cd Varthaman returned to India via Attari border. He was released by Pakistan almost 60 hours after he was taken into custody by the Pakistani Army following an ensuing battle in which he shot down the PAF’s F-16 with his MIg-21 Bison.

Pakistan’s F-16 Which Violated Indian Air Space Shot Down by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman with Mig-21 Bison; IAF Presents Cover of AMRAAM Missile As Evidence

The Indian Air Force (IAF) on Thursday exposed lies of Pakistan. During a joint press briefing of tri-service wings in New Delhi, Air Vice Marshal Ravi Kapoor showed an evidence to reporters that Pakistan used F-16 fighter jet to violated the Indian air space on February 27. The IAF presented a cover of AMRAAM missile fired from the Pakistani F-16 aircraft as a proof to prove its point. The F-16 was shot down by IAF’s Mig 21 Bison fighter jet during an engaging battle. F-16 Block 70 or Gripen E for Indian Air Force.

Briefing the media, Air Vice Marshal Ravi Kapoor said, “There is enough evidence to show that F-16s were used in this mission through their electronic signatures. Parts of AMRAAM, air to air missile which is carried only on the Pakistani F-16s was recovered east of Rajouri within the Indian territory.” Indian Air Force to get 110 Fighter Jets; Will it Suffice?

Insights about AMRAAM:

The AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) is a modern American beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) capable of all-weather day-and-night operations. The missile is designedwith a 7-inch (180mm) diameter form-and-fit factor. It is employed with active transmit-receive radar guidance instead of semi-active receive-only radar guidance, it has the advantage of being a fire-and-forget weapon. Pulwama Attack: Over 40 CRPF Jawans Martyred; Here is The List of Major Terror Attacks by JeM Against India.

The missile is capable of carrying 18.1kg high-explosive blast fragmentation and has a range of 40-50 kilometre. In early 2006, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) ordered 500 AIM-120C-5 AMRAAM missiles as part of a $650 million F-16 ammunition deal to equip its F-16C/D Block 50/52+ and F-16A/B Block 15 MLU fighters. Currently, the missile is procured by 37 countries.

Pakistan signed a contract with the United States in November 2006 to procure the missiles. According to a contract dated November 17, 2006, Raytheon Co., Tucson, Ariz., is being awarded a $269,646,834 firm-fixed-price contract modification, so this action is exercising an option to purchase 500 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM) Air Vehicles (AAVs) Air Intercept Missile (AIM) – 120C-5 missiles and rehost which in turn supports foreign military sales to Pakistan 100%. The contract further stated, at this time, total funds have been obligated. This work will be complete April 2011 and headquarters Medium Range Missile Systems Group, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., is the contracting activity (FA8675-05-C-0070/P00028).

Meanwhile, the F-16 was shot down by the IAF’s Mig-21 Bison was also ex-Jordanian. According to sources, F-16.net database confirms the aircraft number, as the number hand-written on the engine component corresponds with the aircraft ID number from back when it was still in Jordanian service. Meanwhile, In February 2014, Pakistan placed an order for an entire squadron of 14 (some sources say 13) F-16 A/Bs with the RJAF and delivery of the F-16 aircraft began in April 2015, reported The Diplomat. However, the US blocked the second batch of F-16 in 2016. These AMRAAMs sold to Jordan (also under 0070 contract) were sold to Pakistan as package along with the F-16A/Bs. These F-16A/Bs were later upgraded to F-16C/D standard by TAI in Turkey.

Meanwhile, earlier on Thursday, Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan announced that his government will release Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, the IAF pilot who was captured by the Pakistan Army after his aircraft was shot down. The IAF pilot engaged the Pakistan fighter jets which violated the Indian air space on February 27, a day after the IAF conducted air strikes on Jaish-e-Mohammed terror camps in Pakistan’s Balakot. In the processed he crossed the Line of Control (LoC). As per reports, Wg Cd. Varthaman shot down PAF’s F-16 before getting hit. It was the time when the fourth generation F-16 fighter jet was hit by the second generation Mig-21 Bison aircraft.

Aero India 2019:General Bipin Rawat Takes Sortie of LCA-Tejas; Watch Video

Indian Army Chief, General Bipin Rawat on Thursday took a sortie in Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)- Tejas during an Aero India in Bengaluru. Gen Rawat described the fighter jet as a “wonderful aircraft”. The Chief of Army Staff (COAS) took a sorties in a two-seater trainer variant of the Tejas. On Wednesday Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)-made fighter jet received the Final Operational Clearance (FOC). Watch Video of Rafale Jets Landing at Yelahanka Air Force Station to Participate in Bengaluru’s Aero India Show.

After the sortie, while interacting with the media, the COAS said that the flight in the LCA was a wonderful experience. According to Gen Rawat, the aircraft will add to the air power of the Indian Air Force (IAF). The FOC Certificate and Release to Service Document (RSD) were handed over to the Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal B S Dhanoa on the opening day of Aero India 2019. General Rawat also flew in Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) at the event. Gagan Shakti 2018: Sukhoi 30-MKI Equipped With Brahmos Missile Hit Targets Over Malacca Strait on Concluding Day.

General Bipin Rawat taking sortie in LCA Tejas:

Meanwhile, on February 20, Lockheed Martin unveiled the F-21 fighter jet. The United States of America’s premier fighter jets maker offered to produce these jets in India under the ‘Make in India’ programme. Lockheed Martin would partner Tata Advanced Systems to produce the F-21 locally as it is eyeing the multi-billion dollar deal for 114 aircraft. The US fighter jets maker claimed that F-21 is designed to address IAF’s unique requirements. Though Lockheed Martin offered the F-16 fighter jet in response to IAF’s Request for Information for 114 fighter jets.

AVIAINDRA-2018: IAF’s Special Forces ‘Garud’ Undertake Air-Borne Assault Operation in Anti-Terrorist Scenario

DuyVzlEWwAAACGo
Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa with Indian nd Russian pilots at Air Force Station Jodhpur (Picture Courtesy: Twitter/@IAF_MCC)

During the ongoing exercise Aviaindra-2018 between the Indian Air Force (IAF) and Russian Federation Aerospace Force (RFASF), the IAF’s Special Forces ‘GARUD’ undertook an airborne assault operation in an anti-terrorist scenario at Air Force Station Jodhpur. The An-32 aircraft of the IAF was piloted by a mix crew of IAF and RFASF. Indian and Russian pilots also flew Sukhoi-30MKI during the exercise. The second leg of the joint exercise started from December 10 and is scheduled to continue till December 21. The first phase was held in at Lipetsk, Russia from September 17 to 28.

Yesterday, Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa interacted with pilots of both the air forces. Chief of the Air Staff was received by Air Commodore Philip Thomas, Air Officer Commanding Air Force Station Jodhpur. The second edition of Ex AVIAINDRA is aimed at exposing RFASF and IAF pilots to single/multi aircraft missions in a Counter Terrorism Scenario within the predefined scope.  The 30 member RFASF contingent comprises of fighter, transport and helicopter pilots.

During the interaction, Chief of the Air Staff welcomed RFASF team and emphasised the importance of joint exercises, as they create an environment of camaraderie and provide an opportunity to learn from each other’s best practices. Meanwhile, earlier in December, the IAF also conducted the fourth edition of the Cope India exercise with the United States Air Force (USAF) at Kalaikunda Air Force Station. Both the IAF and the USAF practiced airborne assaults on ‘enemy’ territory.