EXERCISE INDRA – 2018: Opening Ceremony of Joint Military Exercise Between Indian And Russian Armies Conducted at Babina Military Station

Soldiers of Indian and Russian armies in action during INDRA-2017 (Picture Courtesy: Twitter/@adgpi)

The opening ceremony for the 10th Indo-Russian Joint Exercise, INDRA 18 was held on November 19, 2018 at Babina Military Station. The exercise is scheduled from November 18 to 28. Contingents of both the nations participated in the opening ceremony. There was a fly past of Army Aviation helicopters which carried the national flags of both the participating nations during the parade. The members of both the countries also interacted and familiarised with each other after the opening ceremony.

The aim of the exercise is to practice joint planning and conduct to enhance interoperability of the two armies in the peace keeping and enforcement environment under the aegis of United Nations. The eleven day exercise focuses upon training on enhancing team building and tactical level operations such as Cordon and Search, house intervention, handling and neutralisation of Improvised Explosive Devices and integrated employment of force multipliers in a counter insurgency environment in semi urban terrain. The tenth exercise in the series of Exercise INDRA is aimed at sending a strong message to the world with an intent of appreciation of interoperability between Indian and Russian Armies.

The ninth edition of the Exercise Indira was successfully conducted last year from October 19 to 29 at Vladivostok in Russia. The name of the exercise INDRA has been derived from INDia and RussiA. Exercise INDRA-2017 was the first Joint Tri-Services Exercise between Russia and India.  It was also the first time that Russia has hosted a Tri-Services Exercise on its soil. More than 900 soldiers, sailors and air warriors from the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force participated in the exercise along with over 1000 personnel from the Russian Defence Forces.

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EXERCISE INDRA – 2018: Joint Military Exercise Between Indian And Russian Armies Will Begin From November 18

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Soldiers of Indian and Russian armies in action during INDRA-2017 (Picture Courtesy: Twitter/@adgpi)

The 10th edition of the joint military exercise between India and Russia – Exercise Indra 2018 will be conducted at Babina Field Firing Ranges, Babina Military Station from 18 November 2018. The military exercise will focus on combating insurgency under the aegis of the United Nations (UN). Company sized contingents of the 5th Army of the Russian Federation and a Mechanised Infantry Battalion of the Indian Army will participate in the training exercise spanning for eleven days including induction and de-induction of the Russian contingent. The training will be supervised by a joint directing panel comprising of senior officials of both the national contingents.

The aim of the exercise is to practice joint planning and conduct to enhance interoperability of the two Armies in the peace keeping/ enforcement environment. It focuses upon training on enhancing team building, special tactical level operations such as Cordon and Search, house intervention, handling and neutralisation of Improvised Explosive Devices and integrated employment of force multipliers. The primary focus of the tactical field exercise is to share best practices amongst the militaries and hone existing skills of the troops in the backdrop of interoperability between the two Armies in the peace keeping/ enforcement environment.

The topics chosen for the exercise are both live and contemporary affecting both the nation alike. The tenth exercise in the series of Exercise INDRA is aimed at sending a strong message to the world with an intent of appreciation of interoperability between Indian and Russian Armies.

The ninth edition of the Exercise Indira was successfully conducted from 19 to 29 Oct 2017 at Vladivostok in Russia. The name of the exercise INDRA has been derived from INDia and RussiA. Exercise INDRA-2017 was the first Joint Tri-Services Exercise between Russia and India.  It was also the first time that Russia has hosted a Tri-Services Exercise on its soil. More than 900 soldiers, sailors and air warriors from the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force participated in the exercise along with over 1000 personnel from the Russian Defence Forces.

Recently, the first joint military exercise between the Indian Army and the Japanese Army – ‘Dharma-Guardian 2018’ was held from November 1 to 14 at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram. The 6/1 Gorkha Rifles will represent the Indian contingent, while the Japanese contingent will be represented by 32 Infantry Regiment.

(Source: http://www.pib.nic.in)

Dharma-Guardian 2018, Joint Military Exercise Between Indian Army And Japan Ground Self Defence Force to Begin From November 1

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Dharma-Guardian 2018 to begin from November 1, 2018 (Picture Courtesy: Twitter/@adgpi)

India and Japan are set to hold their first even joint military exercise ‘Dharma-Guardian 2018’. The exercise will be conducted between the Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram from November 1 to 14, 2018. The main aim of this exercise is to enhance interoperability and cohesion. The 6/1 Gorkha Rifles will represent the Indian contingent, while the Japanese contingent will be represented by 32 Infantry Regiment.

Both the sides will execute well developed tactical drills for enhancing their capability of countering threats in urban warfare scenario. The exercise will also strengthen the bilateral strategic ties between both the countries. Earlier this month, bilateral maritime exercise JIMEX-18 was also held between India and Japan in Visakhapatnam. Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) Ships Kaga, an Izumo Class Helicopter Destroyer and Inazuma, a guided missile destroyer participated in the exercise. The exercise concluded on October 15. The ships from the Eastern Naval Command (ENC) of the Indian Navy took part in the exercise.

Japan is also a permanent participant in the Malabar series of naval exercises since 2015. It originally started between the Indian and U.S. navies in 1992. The Malabar 2018 trilateral exercise was held off Guam in June. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his recent visit to Japan signed several key agreements including a $75 billion swap agreement. Terms and conditions of this agreement is not yet in the open, but Japan had signed this type of agreement with other countries like China, Singapore and Malaysia. According to this agreement, japan will lend India up to $75 billion over a period of time.  At the time of redemption, the cost of the dollar will remain the same and hence there is no exchange risk. However, Japan will charge a swap rate which can be linked to LIBOR (London Inter-bank Offered Rate).

India To Buy NASAMS-II From United States To Shield Important Cities; $1 Billion Deal Approved By DAC

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NASAMS-II Missile System (Picture Courtesy: Twitter/@defenseworld)

India is set to join the United States of America and Russia in providing advanced missile shield to its important cities like New Delhi and Mumbai. Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), headed by Defence Minister Nirmarla Sitaraman, has approved the plan to procure the National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System-II (NASAMS) through a government-to government deal with US. The entire deal would be close to $ 1billion. Nasams-II is manufactured by Kongsberg and Raytheon.

The new missile system will replace aging Russian Pechora air defense systems. NASAMS-II will be armed with 3-D sentinel radar and short and medium-range missile launchers. It can also track and shoots down multiple airborne threats such as cruise missile, drones and fighter jets. This missile

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is also developing two-tier ballistic missile defence (BMD) shield. The missile system of DRDO will be capable of tracking and destroying nuclear missiles both inside and outside the earth’s atmosphere. Once developed the BMD shield will be deployed to protect cities like New Delhi and Mumbai, whereas NASMAS-II will be used to intercept cruise missiles and aircraft. India is likely to issue letter of request to the US by the end of this year.

NASAMS II – a highly adaptable mid-range air defense system. Its battery consists of 12 missile launchers carrying six missiles each. The missile system employs the AIM-120 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) as the primary weapon. The RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile can also be fired by the NASAMS-II.

United States Raises Concerns Over India’s Deal With Russia to Procure S-400 Triumf

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S-400 Triumf Missile (Picture Courtesy: Twitter)

The United States is concerned over India’s plans to sign a deal with Russia to procure the S-400 air defence system. The deal is worth Rs 40,000. Chairman of the US House Armed Services Committee Mac Thornberry said that India’s move would hinder the military ties between the two countries. According to Thornberry, concerns about India’s potential purchase of the S-400 have been conveyed to different levels of the US government.

Members of US House Armed Services Committee in India were of the opinion that procuring the Russian system would also make it difficult for the US to share sensitive technology with India in the future. “There is a lot of concern in the US administration and Congress with the S-400. There is concern that any country that acquires the system will complicate the ability of interoperability (with US forces),” reported Economic Times quoted Mac Thornberry as saying.

Thornberry also said that India should consider the decision to purchase the Russian missile system.  India is likely to Ink the deal for procuring S-400 Triumf missile system before October’s annual summit between Prime Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The US had announced sanctions against Russia for its alleged involvement in meddling in the US presidential elections. Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) came into effect in January. Many US lawmakers and experts are of the opinion that India should be exempted from CAATSA.

In April this year, India has issued a Request of Information for the purchase of 110 fighter jets worth $15 billion. The two US-based companies Lockheed Martin and Boeing are pitching their respective fighter jets. Both the companies have agreed to transfer the technology to India. The US is planning to shift entire production line of Lockheed Martin F-16 jet in India. It will be interesting to see whether the US will put under CAATSA after India inks deal with Russia to acquire the most advanced air defence system.

S-400 is an advanced version of S-300. The missile system is capable of travelling at a rate of 4.8 kilometres per second (17,000 km/h; Mach 14). The missile system can destroy incoming enemy fighter jets, missiles and even drones up to the range of 400 km. This missile system is manufactured by Almaz-Antey and is serving Russian Military since 2007.

India Inch Closer to Procure S-400 ‘Triumf’ Missile System From Russia; Price Negotiations Concluded

 

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S-400 Truimf missile system (Picture Courtesy: Twitter)

India has finally concluded price negotiations with Russia for a nearly Rs 40,000 crore deal to procure S-400 Triumf air defence missile systems for the Indian Air Force. Both India and Russia now have to find a way to evade the United States’ Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA). It is a law formulated by the US to punish countries and entities involved in defence transactions with Russia.

A Russian official confirmed that the final price negotiations had been concluded, reported PTI. Both the nations are likely to announce the deal before an October’s annual summit between Prime Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin. Both the leaders met in Sochi last week and supposedly the both might have discussed the deal.
The US had announced sanctions against Russia for its alleged involvement in meddling in the US presidential elections. CAATSA came into effect in January. Many US lawmakers and experts are of the opinion that India should be exempted from CAATSA. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has urged the Congress to provide necessary waiver to exempt India from the law. Similarly, US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis last month appealed to the Congress to urgently provide India the national security waiver.

India wants to procure the long-range missile systems to tighten its air defence mechanism, particularly along the nearly 4,000-km-long Sino-India border. In 2016 an agreement was signed between India and Russia on ‘Triumf’ interceptor based missile system. S-400 is an advanced version of S-300. The missile system can destroy incoming enemy fighter jets, missiles and even drones up to the range of 400 km. This missile system is manufactured by Almaz-Antey and is serving Russian Military since 2007.

 

 

India Holds DGMO-Level Meeting With Pakistan; Warns Pak to Stop Supporting Terrorists

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Representational Image (Picture Courtesy: PTI)

The India Army yesterday conveyed a strong message to the Pakistan Army, telling it to cut down support to all terror groups operating from Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian Army also warned Pakistan of retaliatory action.

According to an army official, in a telephonic conversation, India’s Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) Lt. Gen. Anil Chauhan told his Pakistani Counterpart that Pakistan’s support to terrorists will increase tensions between the two countries, reported The Indian Express. Pakistan requested India for DGMO level talks. In the unscheduled interaction between the two DGMO’s yesterday evening, India communicated to Pakistan that India would not tolerate the Pak-based terrorism. In response, Pakistan also alleged India of resorting to unprovoked firing along the Line of Control (LOC).

According to the army, Indian Army DGMO emphatically stated that retaliatory firing by Indian troops has only been carried out in response to unabated support given by Pakistan Army to armed terrorists who infiltrate across the border and target Indian Army posts with heavy calibre weapons.

The ceasefire violations by the Pakistan Army have increased over the last few months in Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian Army is also giving befitting reply to Pakistan. On April 23, In India’s retaliation to Pakistan’s ceasefire violation in Sector, four Pakistani soldiers were killed.

India Gifted 1971 Liberation Souvenirs to Bangladesh

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Pakistan Army’s Lt. General AAK Niazi surrender to Lt. General Jagjit Singh Aurora                       (Picture Courtesy:defenceupdate.in)

India has handed over one Mi-4 helicopter and two Pt-76 tanks to Bangladesh as part of the 1971 Liberation War mementoes on April 26. According to a defence ministry spokesman, these gifts will be showcased at the Bangladesh army and air force museums. The helicopter and the tanks were parts of the gifts given by External Affairs Minister during her Bangladesh visit last year, reported PTI

The 25 souvenirs given in October last year includes pistol, rifles, machine guns and mortars alongside a large number of artefact, historical photographs, archival audio and video clippings, maps and battle records related to the 1971 Liberation War. PT-76 tanks were light amphibious, used for crossing rivers during the 1971 war by the Indian Army. These tanks outclassed much superior M34 Chafee tanks of the Pakistani Army, whereas Mi-4 transport helicopter is used for heliborne operations by the Indian Army in the eastern sector.

Earlier the Indian Air Force had gifted a Hunter fighter jet and one Dakota transport aircraft, and the Indian Navy gifted mementos of INS Vikrant and models of ships that participated in the war. The Indian Army also gifted six 3.7 Howitzer guns.

Malabar Exercise 2018: India, US and Japan to Exhibit Their Strength in Guam in June

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Representational Image

The Indo-US-Japan Malabar exercise will be held in Guam in June this year. The Indian Navy will send three ships to the exercise which is taking place in the Western Pacific region. Indigenous stealth frigate INS Sahyadri, anti-submarine stealth corvette INS Kamotra and a fleet tanker will be participating in the exercise. The main attraction of the exercise would be the Nimitz-class super-carrier-USS Ronald Regan.

Guam is being prepared to be the westernmost military training range for the US. The US forces are present in the region in large numbers. Australia would not be part of Malabar 2018. Australia had approached India many times for participating in the exercise, but it never got any invite. Australia expected at least a status of an ‘Observer’ but India is reluctant to allow Australia’s participation. This move received rare appreciation from China. Australia participated once in 2007 in the Malabar exercise.

Japan is the third permanent member of the tri-nation exercise. Japan became permanent member in 2015, prior to this it participated in some earlier Malabar exercise. Last year, India hosted the tri-nation which took place in the Bay of Bengal. The participant navies practised carrier group strike operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare operations, medical operations and Special Forces operations.

The annual Malabar exercise started in 1992 between Indian and US navies. Till 1998 only three Malabar exercises were conducted, but after the Pokhran nuclear test, The US put sanctions on India. The exercise was later resumed in 2002, after the US launched a war on terrorism.

 

India And Pakistan to Participate in Joint Military Exercise in Russia As Part of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

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Picture Courtesy: http://www.indianexpress.com

India along with Pakistan will be participating in a multi-nation military exercise to be conducted in Russia in September this year. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Tuesday officially announced India’s participation. Chinese forces will also be part of this exercise.

The military exercise in Russia is part of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). India, China, Russia and Pakistan and other SCO nations are attending the exercise. For the first time, India is attending the Defence Ministers’ meeting at SCO being hosted in China.

Indian and Pakistan soldiers have worked together in the past during the United Nations peacekeeping missions and that to while providing security or in convoy protection deployment. The exercise, “Peace Mission 2018” is scheduled to be held in Russia’s Ural Mountains. It will begin in August-end and conclude in the first week of September. It will be the first-ever exercise in which Indian and Pakistan militaries will be participating together to conduct the mock military operation to fight terrorists. ‘Peace Mission 2018’ will be the fifth edition of the biennial multilateral exercise by the SCO countries. According to sources, India will send a 200-strong contingent to Russia.

India and Pakistan became the full member of the SCO on June 9, 2017. Both the nations were admitted as observers in 2005 in the SCO, which started in 2001 in Shanghai by China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. Now the Organisation has eight full members ,four nations have been accorded “observer” status, while six others are “dialogue” partners.

During her China visit Sitharaman said, “India enjoys excellent bilateral defence cooperation with a large number of SCO countries, especially with Russia, as well as with all of India’s Central Asian partners represented in the SCO.” The Defence Minister further added, “We are guided in our relations with China by the consensus reached between our leaders that at the time of global uncertainty, India-China relations could be a factor of stability and that we must not allow our differences to become disputes.”