Indian Naval Sips (INS) Kolkata and Shakti carried out Group Sail with naval ships of Japan, Philippines and the in the South China Sea from May 3 to May 9. The six-day long Group Sail had participation of six combatants from the four participating countries and included the Guided Missile Destroyer INS Kolkata and Fleet Support Ship INS Shakti of India, Helicopter Carrier JMSDF Izumo and Guided Missile Destroyer JMSDF Murasame of Japan; Frigate BRP Andres Bonifacio of Philippines and Arleigh Burke Class Destroyer USS Williams P Lawrence of USA. The Group Sail was aimed to deepen the existing partnership and foster mutual understanding among participating navies.
Indian Navy’s Tweet:
#IndianNavy ships Kolkata & Shakti carry out Group Sail with Naval ships of @JMSDF_PAO, Philippines & @USNavy in the South China Sea from 03 – 09 May 19. The six-day long Group Sail had participation of six combatants from the four participating countries. pic.twitter.com/aI2irPKf95
The ships undertook various exercises en route which included formation manoeuvering, underway replenishment runs, cross-deck flying and exchange of Sea Riders. The Group Sail exercise with naval ships of Japan, Philippines and United States showcased India’s commitment to operating with like-minded nations to ensure safe maritime environment through enhanced interoperability. Exercise Varuna 2019: Indo-French Joint Naval Exercise Begins in Arabian Sea Off Goa Coast.
Indian Navy’s Tweet:
Besides Kolkata & Shakti, Helicopter Carrier JMSDF Izumo & Guided Missile Destroyer JMSDF Murasame of Japan; Frigate BRP Andres Bonifacio of Philippines and Arleigh Burke Class Destroyer USS Williams P Lawrence of USA participated. pic.twitter.com/wew4vxTnKv
IN Ships are on return passage from their successful deployment to South and East China Seas as part of the annual Eastern Fleet Over Seas Deployment during which they visited Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam, Qingdao, China and Busan, South Korea. Whilst at Qingdao, both the ships had participated in the International Fleet Review (IFR) as part of the 70th Anniversary Celebration of PLA (Navy). During the ships’ stay in Busan, the IN Ships took part in the Opening Ceremony of Maritime Security (MS) Field Training Exercise (FTX) under the aegis of ADMM-PLUS. INS Vela, Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine of Project 75 Launched by Indian Navy.
On departing Busan, both the ships participated in ADMM-PLUS MS FTX Phase I exercises from May 1 to May 3 off South Korea with Navies of Brunei, China, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea and the USA. Group Sail progressed from May 3 to May 9. The Phase II of ADMM-PLUS MS FTX is scheduled from May 9 to May 12 in the South China Sea. On completion of Phase II, all participating ships including IN Ships Kolkata and Shakti are scheduled to attend the closing ceremony of ADMM-PLUS MS and participate in the International Maritime Defence Expo (IMDEX) 2019 in Singapore.
A 12-member team of the Indian Army on March 30 discovered wreckage of a World War II US Air Force aircraft in Arunachal Pradesh’s Roing district. The patrol party successfully carried out the arduous task after receiving an information from local trekkers of Lower Dibang district. The patrol located the aircraft debris covered by thick undergrowth and deeply buried under five feet of snow. World War II Aircraft ‘Dakota DC-3’ Reaches India to Re-Join Indian Air Force.
Army troops moved cross country for 30 kilometers in thick jungles and snow covered areas for eight days to trace out the wreckage. The region had seldom been ventured by anyone in the past and is even obscured from air due to thick foliage. Indian Army Tests ‘Air Cavalry’ Using Attack Helicopters.
The World War-II was fought from 1939 to 1945 between two opposing groups –Allies and Axis. The Allied powers comprised – the United Stated States, the United Kingdom and the then Soviet Union. Meanwhile, Germany, Italy and Japan formed the Axis group. The World War-II ended with the surrender of Japan.
India and Japan are set to hold their first ever joint military exercise ‘Dharma-Guardian 2018’. The exercise will be conducted between the Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram from November 1 to 14, 2018. The main aim of this exercise is to enhance interoperability and cohesion. The 6/1 Gorkha Rifles will represent the Indian contingent, while the Japanese contingent will be represented by 32 Infantry Regiment.
Both the sides will execute well developed tactical drills for enhancing their capability of countering threats in urban warfare scenario. The exercise will also strengthen the bilateral strategic ties between both the countries. Earlier this month, bilateral maritime exercise JIMEX-18 was also held between India and Japan in Visakhapatnam. Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) Ships Kaga, an Izumo Class Helicopter Destroyer and Inazuma, a guided missile destroyer participated in the exercise. The exercise concluded on October 15. The ships from the Eastern Naval Command (ENC) of the Indian Navy took part in the exercise.
Japan is also a permanent participant in the Malabar series of naval exercises since 2015. It originally started between the Indian and U.S. navies in 1992. The Malabar 2018 trilateral exercise was held off Guam in June. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his recent visit to Japan signed several key agreements including a $75 billion swap agreement. Terms and conditions of this agreement is not yet in the open, but Japan had signed this type of agreement with other countries like China, Singapore and Malaysia. According to this agreement, japan will lend India up to $75 billion over a period of time. At the time of redemption, the cost of the dollar will remain the same and hence there is no exchange risk. However, Japan will charge a swap rate which can be linked to LIBOR (London Inter-bank Offered Rate).
The Indo-US-Japan Malabar exercise will be held in Guam in June this year. The Indian Navy will send three ships to the exercise which is taking place in the Western Pacific region. Indigenous stealth frigate INS Sahyadri, anti-submarine stealth corvette INS Kamotra and a fleet tanker will be participating in the exercise. The main attraction of the exercise would be the Nimitz-class super-carrier-USS Ronald Regan.
Guam is being prepared to be the westernmost military training range for the US. The US forces are present in the region in large numbers. Australia would not be part of Malabar 2018. Australia had approached India many times for participating in the exercise, but it never got any invite. Australia expected at least a status of an ‘Observer’ but India is reluctant to allow Australia’s participation. This move received rare appreciation from China. Australia participated once in 2007 in the Malabar exercise.
Japan is the third permanent member of the tri-nation exercise. Japan became permanent member in 2015, prior to this it participated in some earlier Malabar exercise. Last year, India hosted the tri-nation which took place in the Bay of Bengal. The participant navies practised carrier group strike operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare operations, medical operations and Special Forces operations.
The annual Malabar exercise started in 1992 between Indian and US navies. Till 1998 only three Malabar exercises were conducted, but after the Pokhran nuclear test, The US put sanctions on India. The exercise was later resumed in 2002, after the US launched a war on terrorism.