Kargil War 1999: A Story of Indian Army’s Valour and Pakistan’s Betrayal

kargil
Kargil War Memorial

Exactly nineteen years back India defeated Pakistan in a war which was fought on the mountains of Kashmir in Kargil at an altitude more than 15,000 feet. The Kargil war was fought from May-July 99. It was generally an untold tradition that the armies of both the sides leave their bunkers at high altitude places move downwards and later during summers they reoccupy their bunkers. But in 1999, Pakistan took undue advantage of India’s trust and when Indian soldiers vacated their bunkers during the winters, mujahideens and Pakistan army soldiers occupied the bunkers.

The Kargil war was an example of betrayal of Pakistan as just three months before in February, the then Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Yajpayee visited Pakistan with a message of peace and with a firm determination to solve the Kashmir issue peacefully. A bus service was also started between New Delhi and Lahore. According to reports, the then Pakistani Army chief General Parvez MUsharaf without any consultation with the then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif started the infiltration into the Indian Side along the Line of Control.

India came to know about the Pakistan’s plan in May, when the Indian Army’s patrol party led by Captain Saurabh Kalia, who went to the area did not report back to headquarters. The army realized the gravity of the situation launched ‘Operation Vijay’ to wipe out the infiltrators. Later, Pakistan sent back mutilated bodies of the captain and his four soldiers. The Indian Army then launched a massive operation to wipe out the Pakistani army soldiers of 12 Northern Light Infantry and terrorists. The war was fought at regimental and battalion level. The main aim of Pakistan was to cut the connectivity of Leh with rest of India by controlling NH 1 D highway, which connects Srinagar and Leh.

darticlesonline_1469175549_1469175554_800x420.jpg
Shaheed Captain Saurabh Kalia (Picture Courtesy: www,indiatimes.com)

The Indian Air Force also launched ‘Operation Safed Sagar’ in the war zone to provide a support to the Indian Army. The army captured the highest and the most significant peak, Tiger Hill on the morning of July 8. Later in the war, the army also used Bofors artillery guns to provide cover fire to the troops. On July 26, The Indian government declared Operation Vijay a success and from then on, every year it is celebrated as ‘Vijay Diwas’.

Heroes of Kargil War:

captain-vikram-batra-bravery5
Shaheed Captain Vikram Batra, PVC (Picture Courtesy: www,indiatvnews.com)

Shaheed Capt. Vikram Batra, PVC (9 September 1974 – 7 July 1999) was posthumously awarded with the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest and most prestigious award for valour, for his actions during the 1999 Kargil War. Batra joined the Indian Military Academy (IMA) at Dehradun, in June 1996 in the Manekshaw Battalion. The brave officer captured the Peak 5140 in Drass sector, without any casualties. He sacrificed his life while capturing the Point 4875 on July 7.

BOPrNGDCYAASf78
Shaheed Captain Manoj Pandey, PVC

Shaheed Lt. Manoj Pandey, PVC (25 June 1975 – 3 July 1999): He was also posthumously awarded with the Param Veer Chakra. On the night of 3 July 1999 during the advance to Khalubar as his platoon approached its final objective, it came under heavy and intense enemy fire from the surrounding heights. Captain Pandey was tasked to clear the interfering enemy positions to prevent his battalion from getting day lighted. He got a fatal burst on his forehead while achieving his objective.

main-qimg-de6dcb04e9705377f3af79ee125d2c39
Subedar Major Yoginder Singh, PVC (Picture Courtesy: http://www.quora.com)

Subedar Major Yogendra Singh Yadav, PVC: Yadav was awarded with Param Veer Chakra for his 4 July 1999 action during the Kargil War. He was part of the Ghatak team of 18 Grenadiers who launched an offensive after climbing the Tiger Hill from the rear side, taking the enemy by surprise. In spite of being grievously injured he kept on fighting.

Sanjay_Kumar_PVC.jpg
Subedar Sanjay Kumar, PVC

Subedar Sanjay Kumar, PVC: On 4 July 1999, as a member of the 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles, he was the leading scout of a team tasked to capturing Area Flat Top, during the Kargil War. Having scaled the cliff, the team was pinned down by machine gun fire from an enemy bunker, about 150 meters away. He kept advancing towards te enemy and in a close fight killed three enemy soldiers. He was awarded the Param Veer Chakra for his bravery.

Captain Anuj Nayyar, Captain Vijayant Thapar, Major Rajesh Adhikari also fought bravely and sacrificed their lives for the Mother India. As per official data India lost 537 soldiers during this war and 1363 wounded.

Advertisements

S-400 Triumf deal is expected to conclude by 31st March

1057452851
Picture Courtesy : http://www.sputniknews.com

India and Russia are on the verge of signing Rs 40,000 crore defence deal. Senior Defence official told The Hindu that the two countries could be just weeks away of signing one of the biggest defence deals.

The deal for the purchase of S-400 Triumf, long range air defence systems is expected to get closed by 31st March.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin signed an intergovernmental agreement for the acquisition of five regiments of S-400s in October 2016 during the eighth BRICS summit.

According to the report published in The Hindu, Russia is not in favour of any offset clause because S-400 Triumf air defence System is very strategic in nature.

Acquiring S-400 will boost India’s air defence system as it can track and shoot down the incoming enemy aircraft  upto the range of 400 km. Indian Air Force will operate this system.

China is the first country to procure six battalions of S-400 air defence systems.

Naval Exercise ‘MILAN – 2018’ Begins

INS_Mumbai_(D62)_underway
Representational Image

The much awaited naval exercise ‘Milan – 2018’ hosted by the Indian Navy begins in Port Blair on Tuesday. In this week long naval exercise 38 contingents from 16 navies will display their skills. The theme of ‘Milan- 2018’ is ‘In Pursuit of Maritime Good Order – Need for Comprehensive Information Sharing Apparatus’, so the main focus will be to create a cordial environment in the region to  check unlawful activities and to strengthen the ties

For the first time Oman is taking part in this exercise.  The main aim of this exercise is to enhance regional cooperation and to check unlawful activities.

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Naval Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba will visit Port Blair for this international event.

Arjun Mark 2 – The Beast with upgraded technology, 3rd Generation Tank

arjun_mk2
Picture Courtesy: MilitaryToday.com

Arjun Mark 2 is an upgraded version of Arjun Mark 1 India’s indigenous built 3rd generation main battle tank. it is built in coordination with Israeli Defence companies. On the recommendation of the Indian Army 93 changes were made in the Arjun Mark 1 out of which 13 were major improvements. Trials of Arjun Mark 2 began in 2012 and it was publicly revealed in 2014.

Arjun_Mk_II_front.JPG

Arjun Mark 2 has more fire power capability, protection and better mobility than Arjun Mark 1. This tank has better armour with 360 degree night vision capability. It can also plough out the anti-tank mines with the ploughs attached to its front. It has laser warning control system which detects the missiles fired towards the Arjun and in return it fires the aerosol grenades to befog  the incoming missiles. Design of this beast with upgraded technology is similar to the western tanks like Leopard 2A5 of Germany. During its trials it has outclassed Russian built T-90 tanks.

More than 120 Arjun Mark 2 tanks will be soon inducted in The Indian Army.

Video Courtesy: DefencewebTV

 

 

New Era for Indian Defence Forces – IAF gets two more women fighter pilots

Picture Courtesy: Defencelover.in

Women_fighter17
Flying officer Pratibha and Shivangi SIngh

On 16th December, the Indian Air Force got two more women fighter pilots. 105 Flight Cadets commissioned as Flying Officers during the combined graduation parade of pilots and ground duty officers held at Air Force academy in Dundigal in Telangana.

Flying Officer Pratibha and Shivangi Singh were amongst the 15 women who joined elite cadre of IAF officers. Shivangi hails from Varanasi, whereas Pratibha belongs to Rajgarh district of Rajasthan.

l_129845_105457_updates
Three women fighter pilots commissioned last year into the IAF.

There are total of five women fighter pilots in the IAF. Last year in December three women pilots- Flying Officer Bhawna Kanth, Avani Chaturvedi and Mohana Singh – were inducted into the IAF . They are likely to be commissioned into the fighter wing by December 31. Soon  they can fly the Su-30 MKI aircraft.

Picture Courtesy: Oneindia.com

shubangi-23-1511418798-19-1513678832
Sub Lieutenant Shubhangi Swaroop

This year the Indian Navy also got its first women pilot –  Sub Lieutenant Shubhangi Swaroop.

 

Meet The Param Vir Chakra awardees of 1971 war

1971_Instrument_of_Surrender
Lt. Gen. Niazi signing the document of surrender before Lt. Gen JS Aurora

 

Exactly 46 years back on the same day The Indian Army made 93,000 Pakistani Army soldiers surrender. The war went on for two weeks i.e. from 3rd December 1971 to the fall of Dacca on 16th December 1971. Pakistan Army commander Lt. Gen. Niazi signed the documents of surrender in public in Dacca on this day, which led to the creation of Bangladesh. Lt. Gen. JS Aurora took the surrender.

As per government data 1769 army personnel sacrificed their lives in the war. 11 Air Force and 204 Navy personnel achieved martyrdom in the war.

Three Param Vir Chakras were given during this war

 

  • 2nd Arun Khetarpal:

arun-khetarpal

 

21-yr old officer hailed from Pune. 2nd Lt. Joined 17 Poona horse regiment. He made supreme sacrifice in the Battle of Basantar on the eastern front. Inspite being hit Khetarpal refused to vaccat his tank. His last words to his commander on the radio sets were, “No Sir, I will not abandon my tank. My Main gun is still working and I will get these bastards.” Hi was awarded Param Vir Chakra posthumously for his gallantary.

 

  • Major Hoshiar Singh:

hqdefault (1)

Major Hoshiar Singh belonged to 3 granediers. His battalion was given task to establish brigade head across the river Basantar in Shankargarh district between December 15-December 17. River was well fortified by Pak army with mines on both sides. He was commanding the ‘C’ company. He was ordered to capture Pakistani post in Jarpal. Pakistani’s launched counter attack. He went from trench to trench motivating his men inspite of seriously injured. His courage and leadership repulsed the counter attack inflicting heavy causalities on Pak Army. For his bravery he was awarded Param Vir Chakra. He retired as Brigadier from the army.

 

  • Lance Naik Albert Ekka:

hqdefault (2)

He achieved martyrdom on 3rd December in the Battle of Hilli on the eastern front. For his bravery during the battle he was posthumously awarded Param Vir Chakra.

  • Flying Officer NirmalJeet Singh Sekhon:

image description

During the Indo-Pak war of 1971 he was serving No. 18 Squadron, ‘The Flying Bullets’ of The Indian Air Force’. Flying Officer Sekhon was flying Folland Gnat fighter stationed at Srinagar. He was awarded Param Vir Chakra posthumously for single-handedly defending Srinagar Air base against Pakistan Air Force air raid.

INS Kalvari commissioned into the Indian Navy

Picture Courtesy: Reddit.com

EfhrtWk

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has commissioned indigenously built scorpene class submarine INS Kalvari into Indian Navy in Mumbai today. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Navy chief Admiral Sunil Lanba and Vice Admiral Girish Luthra, Flag Officer Commanding of the Western Naval Command, were also present at the event.

 

10 PoinTs to know about INS Kalvari:

  • INS Kalvari is built by Mazagon Dock limited (MDL) and designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS. As stated by PM Modi, it is the best example of ‘Make in India’ Campaign.

 

  • It is built under Project 75 of Indian Navy with the transfer of technology from DCNS.

 

  • It shares its name with India’s first Submarine ‘INS Kalvari’ inducted into India Navy on 8th December 1967.

 

  • INS Kalvari is first of the six scorpene-class submarine which are to be inducted into the Indian Navy. Second submarine of this series INS Khanderi will soon be part of the navy.

 

  • It is named after the tiger shark, a deadly deep sea predator of Indian Ocean. The deadly features of INS Kalvari include superior stealth and ability to launch crippling attacks with precision-guided weapons.

 

  • The submarine has 360 battery cells, each weighing 750 kg, to power the extremely silent Permanently Magnetised Propulsion Motor.

 

  • The submarine is equipped with Exocet anti-ship missiles and heavy-weight torpedoes. The attacks can be carried out with torpedoes both while submerged or on the surface. It can carry upto 18 torpedoes

 

  • The total length of Kalvari is 67.5 metres and a height of 12.3 metres and can travel upto 1,020 KMs underwater and can dive to depth upto 300 metres.

 

  • INS Kalvari is a diesel-electric attack submarine.

 

  • The construction of the submarine began on December 14, 2006.

 

 

 

 

Story of grit and determination

Lt. Barnana Yadagiri

 

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

 

Some people are disheartened by difficulties, while some face them boldly and achieve their goals. When one is determined, no obstacle can stop them from achieving their dreams.

I happened to come across one such determined soul when I went to IMA for covering the Passing out Parade of Autumn term this December for my blog. I met a newly commissioned officer, Lt. Baranana Yadagiri. He belongs to the Hyderabad and his father, Gurnnaya Yadagiri, used to be a daily wager.

During his interaction with the media, Lt. Yadagiri said, “I have faced a lot of difficulties right from my childhood. My father used to work in a small cement factory. I have a younger brother too and it was difficult for my father to feed us with his meagre earning of around Rs 100 per day.”

However, Lt. Yadagiri background didn’t stop him form pursuing his dreams. He worked hard and got 93.34% in matriculation, which helped him to get scholarship for further studies. He studied engineering from International Institute of Information and Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad in Mechanical stream. After completing his engineering, he got job offers from the US, but he didn’t give in to the distractions and kept moving ahead to achieve his goal.

“I got lot of opportunities. I got offers to go to the USA and that from IITs and IIMs, but I wanted to join army that’s why I didn’t go there.”

Lt. Yadagiri not only become an officer but also received silver medal for standing first in the order of merit in technical entry.

Lt. Yadagiri’s parents were overwhelmed by looking at their son in the army uniform. Their hard work has paid off. After donning the uniform, feeling of satisfaction could clearly be seen on Lieutenant’s face. He was calm and composed with fire and hunger in his heart.

Now his next aim is to enhance his skills and knowledge so that he can prove himself worthy of his uniform, making his parents, instructors and army proud of himself.

Lt. Yadagiri addressing the media:

INDO-SINO STANDOFF IN SIKKIM, STRATEGIC MOVE BY DRAGON TO GAIN MILITARY ADVANTAGE

Picture Courtesy: http://www.idwr.com

india-china

China has always followed the policy of expansion. This is the reason why it is called the ‘Dragon’. The standoff between Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is one fine example of the Chinese policy of expansion. After reiterating its claims on Tawang and Arunachal Pradesh, China now wants to capture the strategic area of Doklam plateau.

Doklam plateau lies in Bhutan, however, China claims that this area falls under its territory. Based on these claims, Chinese forces didn’t hesitate to build roads in this area earlier this year in June. On the request of the Bhutanese King, Indian Army intervened and stopped PLA from building a road in the area.

Importance of Doklam:

Picture Courtesy: http://www.youtube.com

hqdefault

Doklam is a strategic location which lets one easily target the chicken’s neck (narrow peace of land connecting main Indian Land to North east India). Holding a strategic position in Doklam plateau gives China a strategic edge and helps keeping an eye on surrounding area. In the case of a military conflict it can disconnect the India’s northeast region from the Mainland.

China has also staked claims on parts of Sikkim.China has issued an official warning to India to back off from the Doklam plateau by reminding India of the 1962 war.

Recently, Chinese forces performed a live military drill in Tibet and according to some media reports, China has started stocking up weapons in Tibet, which can be used against India if a war breaks between the two neighbouring countries. It might give a military advantage to Chinese forces.

As per the experts, this could be China’s tactics to try and put pressure on India in order to fulfil its dream project – ‘China Pakistan Economic Corridor’ and to divert India’s attention from Pakistan.

IMA – The Institution where Boys are Groomed into Warriors – Spring Term POP 2017

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

WP_20170610_06_53_22_Rich.jpg
IMA: Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, POP June 2017

IMA : Indian Military Academy is the prestigious institution which is known for producing brave and gallant officers.

Till now IMA has produced over fifty nine thousand officers, who have made our nation proud.

For the third time I got the opportunity to cover the Passing Out Parade (POP).  It was special this time, because chief of Army Staff Gen. Bipin Rawat was the reviewing officer.

Picture Courtesy: Indian Military Academy

DSC_2880.JPG
General Bipin Rawat addressing young officers during POP, June 2017

 

Passing out Parade of IMA takes place twice in a year: Spring term and Autumn Term.

490 GCs of 140 Regular Course, 123 Technical Graduate Course and 25 UES Course, including 67 Foreign Gentlemen Cadets from Ten friendly foreign countries passed out from the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun on 10 June 2017. Gen Bipin Rawat, UYSM, AVSM, YSM, SM, VSM, ADC, Chief of Army Staff reviewed the parade. The GCs displayed tremendous enthusiasm, vigour and zeal, putting up an excellent show, marching to Military tunes of `Col Bogey’ and `Sare Jahan Se Achha’ with pride and élan.

Picture Courtesy: Indian Military Academy

WP_20170610_07_23_41_Rich.jpg
Gen.  Bipin Rawat reviewing the Parade

General Rawat is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy, Kadakwasla. He was commissioned into India army in December 1978. Gen. Rawat during the span of over span of 38 years of service has been awarded for gallantry and distinguished service with UYSM, AVSM, YSM, SM, VSM, ADC; COAS Commendation of two occasions and the Army Commander’s Commendation.

During his address he congratulated young officers on successful completion of their training. Gen. Rawat also congratulated Instructors and support staff for grooming Gentlemen Cadets into the finest officers. Gen .Rawat also motivated young officers to perform their duties with utmost bravery and honesty.

The Reviewing Officer presented the following awards:-

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

DSC_2847.JPG
COAS Gen. Bipin Rawat Presenting awards to the winners
  • The coveted award of the Sword of Honour and Gold medal(for the GC standing First in the Overall Order of Merit )was presented to Academy Cadet Adjutant Avinash Chhetry .

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

WP_20170610_10_32_38_Pro
Winner of Sword of Honour: Lt. Avinash Chhetry

 

  • Silver Medal for the Gentleman Cadet standing Second in the Order of Merit was presented to Battallion under officer Vikas Sangwan.

 

  • Bronze Medal for the Gentleman Cadet standing Third in the Order of Merit was presented to Junior Under officer Rohit Joshi.

 

  • Silver Medal for the Gentleman Cadet standing First in the Order of Merit from Technical Graduate Course was presented to Junior Under officer Akshay Singh Bisht.

 

  • Silver Medal for the Gentleman Cadet standing First in the Order of Merit from Foreign GCs was presented to Seargant Wilfred Cyprian Lyakurwa.
  • Chief of Army Staff Banner was awarded to Singarh Company for standing Overall First amongst 16 companies for the Spring Term 2017.

Picture Courtesy: Indian Military Academy

DSC_2869
Chief of Army Staff Banner was awarded to Singarh Company

 

After the Piping ceremony Young Cadets took oath to safeguard the country till the peril of their life. It was moment of pride for the parents. There were few third generation young army officers who carried forward the legacy of their fathers and grandfathers.

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

WP_20170610_10_14_10_Pro.jpg
Young Officers celebrating after oath taking ceremony

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

WP_20170610_10_15_39_Pro.jpg
Young Officers celebrating after oath taking ceremony

 

During his media briefing General Rawat said the that the misinformation spread by social media in the valley is responsible for growing terrorism in the valley. He further added that the army is required to maintain peace in the valley.

Picture Courtesy: Sumit Sharma

WP_20170610_08_28_19_Pro.jpg
Gen. Bipin Rawat addressing media

Answering the question wether women can be a part of combat forces, he said that Army is looking forward to involve women in combat need, as there is a need of an hour. It will help in counter insurgency operations as in many cases terrorists use women as their shield.

The Army Chief shows optimism in resolving Indo-China borer dispute through a proper mechanism.

Gen. Rawat also warned Pakistan, he said that India will give befitting reply to Pak’s nefarious activities across the LoC.