SPICE-2000 bombs when dropped, create hole in the rooftops and explodes inside the building killing all those present there. However, the advanced version which India is now procuring have the capability to decimate the enemy buildings. The SPICE bombs are manufactured by the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. It is the first defence deal signed by the Narendra Modi government after returning to power in May this year.
(Picture Courtesy: Rafael Advanced Defense Systems)
Indian Air Force (IAF) pilots would be playing a crucial role in India’s first manned space flight mission, Gaganyaan which is likely to be launched in 2022. Bengaluru-based IAF’s Institute of Aerospace Medicine (IAM) has started the process of finalising the crew. On the occasion of 75th Raising Day of the Artificial Limb Centre (ALC) of the Indian Army Director General Armed Forces Medical Service Lieutenant General Bipin Puri said that said that two or three IAF fighter pilots of the Indian Air Force (IAF) would be the main astronauts of the Gaganyaan.
The ‘Gaganyaan’ mission, proposed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on August 15 during an Independence Day speech. If this mission is completed successfully, India will become the fourth nation to launch its manned space aircraft. In its maiden crewed mission, ISRO’s largely autonomous 3.7-tonne capsule will orbit the Earth at 400 km altitude for up to seven days with a three-person crew on board. The crewed vehicle is planned to be launched on ISRO’s GSLV Mk III.
The Indian Army will induct 464 Russian-origin T-90 MS battle tanks between 2022 and 2026, at the cost of Rs 13,448, reported The Times of India. The T-90MS are upgraded version of T-90 family. Soon, an order to produce these tanks will be placed on the Avadhi Heavy Vehicle Factory (HVF) under Ordnance Factory Board. The cabinet committee on security had already cleared the licence acquisition from Russia last month. Arjun Mark 2 – The Beast with upgraded technology, 3rd Generation Tank.
Last year, India also signed a $5 billion deal with Russia to procure S-400 advanced air defence system. The deal was signed during Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit to India to take part in the 19th India-Russia Annual Bilateral Summit. Meanwhile, in 2018, India also finalised two deals of $500 and $950 million with Russia for procurement of four advanced stealth frigates. Out of these four, two frigates will be procured directly from Russia, while other two will be built at a shipyard in Goa with the transfer of technology.
A day after the attack, India scrapped the ‘Most Favoured Nation’ status from Pakistan. India also accelerated the process to isolate Pakistan globally. Countries around the globe condemned the attack and asked the Pakistan to stop providing safe haven to terrorists. Meanwhile, Pakistan’s all-weather ally China ducked the question of supporting India in declaring Azhar Masood, the JeM chief a global terrorist. While paying homage to the martyrs, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took a wow to give befitting reply to the perpetrators of the attack. However, Pakistan refused any hand in the attack.
In December 1999, Masood along with two other terrorists were released after terrorists hijacked the Indian Airlines Flight 814 scheduled to fly from Kathmandu to Delhi, and diverted it to Kandahar, where they were looked after by the Afghan Taliban and the Pakistani officials stationed at the airport. Masood then formed the JeM with the help of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).
Major terrorist attacks by JeM apart from Pulwama Attack of February 14:
On April 20, 2000, JeM carried out the first suicide bombing in Kashmir, exploding a bomb in an Indian army barracks. Five Indian soldiers were martyred in the attack.
In October 2001, JeM carried out a bombing near the Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly, killing 38 people and claiming responsibility for it.
In December 2001, JeM and Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists launched a suicide attack on the Indian Parliament in which eight security personnel were martyred.
In January 2016, the group attacked on the Pathankot air base in which seven security personnel were martyred.
In September 2016, JeM terrorists attacked the Indian brigade headquarters in Uri. A total of 19 Indian soldiers were martyred in the attack. After the attack, the Indian Army conducted surgical strike in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).
Amidst the ongoing political controversy over the Rafale Deal, three Rafale jets arrived in Bengaluru today to take part in the biennial five-day Aero India Show that begins next week. Out of these three aircraft, two will be used for flying exercises while the one will be used for static display. According to reports, the French-made fighters landed at the Yelahanka Air Force Station on the outskirts of Bengaluru in the evening. Rafale Deal Controversy: A political fight to demoralise our forces.
The fighter jets which landed in Bengaluru are not the once that have been made for India by Dasssault Aviation. The Rafale fighter jets will take part in the rehearsals on Thursday for the five-day 12th edition of Aero-India beginning on February 20. The show will conclude on February 24. Top IAF officers including IAF Deputy Chief Air Marshal VIvek Chaudhari will fly the plane during Aero India show. F-16 Block 70 or Gripen E for Indian Air Force.
Video of two of three Rafale jets landing in Bengaluru:
#WATCH Two Rafale fighter planes (total 3) of the French Air Force land in Bengaluru for the Aero India show. Top IAF officers including IAF Deputy Chief Air Marshal VIvek Chaudhari to fly the plane during Aero India show. pic.twitter.com/i4e42pQKVI
The first batch of four Rafale jets will be delivered to the Indian Air Force (IAF) in September this year. Rafale is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike and nuclear deterrence missions. It is also referred to as an “omnirole” aircraft by Dassault. Will India buy 36 more Rafale Jets?
Meanwhile, earlier in the day, the Narendra Modi government tabled the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report on the Rafale Deal in the Rajya Sabha. The report revealed that the Rafale Deal concluded in 2016 was 2.8 percent cheaper than the previous UPA government’s proposed deal. The report also said that India managed to save 17.08 percent money for the India Specific Enhancements in the 36 Rafale contract as compared to the proposed deal of 2007.
The Narendra Modi government on Thursday allocated Rs 3.05 lakh Crore for the defence forces of the country. However, later the defence ministry put the total allocation at Rs. 3,18,931 crore which included funds set aside for Border Roads Organisation, Coast Guards and salaries if civil staff of the defence ministry. Interim Finance Minister Piyush Goyal while presenting the budget, said that it was for the first time that the defence budget crossed 3-trillion mark. But if we deeply analysis the budget it is merely 1.5 percent (approx.) of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) so this becomes the lowest defence budgetsince China war of 1962. Defence Budget 2018 is another farce, 1.58% allocated for defence.
This year’s budget was 6.7 percent than previous year’s budget. Meanwhile, in 2018, the budget represented a growth of 7.81 per cent over budget of 2017. In the interim budget 2019, Rs 1,03,380 crore was allocated for capital expenditure to modernize the forces, while rest of the amount is to meet the revenue expenditure. Apart from the defence budget, the government also allocated Rs 35,000 crore for One Rank One Pension (OROP). The government also announced a hike in the Military Service Pay (MSP) of all service personnel and special allowances given to Naval and Air Force personnel deployed in high-risk duties. Meanwhile, Rs 1.12 lakh crore have been allocated for pensions. Expectations from Defence Budget 2018-19 and needs of our Defence Forces.
If we talk about last year’s budget, it was 1.58 percent of the GDP. A total of Rs 2,95,511.41 crore was allocated for defence, out of which Rs 99,563.41 is allocated for capital expenditure. Meanwhile, the remaining budget outlay, Rs 1,95,947.55 was set aside for for revenue expenditure. In 2018 budget Rs 1,08,853.30 was also allocated for defence pensions.
Amidst the political controversy over the Rafale deal, the Indian government has made 25 percent payment to the French government for purchasing the Rafale fighter jets. The entire deal is worth Rs 59,000 dollars (Approx). In September 2016, the Indian government signed a government to government deal with the French Government to procure 36 Rafale fighter jets from Dassault Aviation of France.
The Indian Air Force is expected to get the delivery of the first aircraft by September 2019. Meanwhile, the sources told news agency, ANI that the first batch of four aircraft will be delivered in 2020 fully equipped with weaponry.
After coming to power in 2014, the NDA government signed a deal to procure 36 fighter jets in ready to fly condition scrapping the proposed deal of the UPA government to acquire 126 fighter jets, out of which 108 were to be made in India.
Indian government today rejected the demand of the armed forces of higher Military Service Pay including Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs). According to reports, around one lakh service personnel including 87,646 JCOs and 25,434 personnel from the Navy and the Indian Air Force will be affected by the decision. The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) in 2008 promised to create separate commission for the armed forces, with appropriate participation from the forces. However, till now, no separate commission, or military representation, including in the secretariat, and among consultants hired by the 7th Central Pay Commission.
The MSP has two categories – one for officers while other for JCOs. The seventh Pay Commission had fixed Rs 5,200 as MSP per month for JCOs and jawans while the MSP for officers between Lieutenant-rank and Brigadier-rank is Rs 15,500. In 2016, Chief of three wings of Defense forces met the then defense minister Manohar Parrikar during the naval fleet held in Vishakhapatnam and raised their concern over the recommendations of the 7th pay commission and the effect on the moral of the defense forces.
Meanwhile, In the United Kingdom, Pay Commission is “An independent Body which provides advice to the Review Body (AFPRB), Prime Minister and the Secretary of State for Defence on the remuneration and charges for Service personnel”. Whereas, the United States, has a far more evolved Military Compensation system. In the US the military compensations are reviewed after every four years.
For the first time in history, The Indian Army has commanded a foreign army contingent during the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission. A company of Kazakhstan Army has been co-deployed with 11 JAT Infantry Battalion of the Indian Army in Lebanon. The 11 JAT Infantry Battalion received the Kazakh company which arrived at Rafik Hariri International Airport at Beirut. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Kazakhstan’s Minister of Defence Nurlan Yermekbayev flagged off the ceremony of the Kazakhstan contingent which will join the Indian Army battalion in the UN Peacekeeping mission. Troop reinforcement will also be routed through India.
According to reports, there are about 120 Kazak troops out of 900 troops deployed in the region. A total of 30 Kazak soldiers will be part of Battalion Headquarters to take decisions on the operational and administrative issues. The Kazak Company is commanded by Major Ayan Nurkassov, whereas Colonel Jeevan B is Commanding Officer of the 11 JAT. He is also the overall commander of the unit located in Marjayoun area.
The Indian Unit in Lebanon is deployed in about 40 kilometres out of the total 121 kilometres of the Blue Line demarcating the border between Lebanon and Israel. Indian and Kazakhstan share a strong defence ties. Kazakhstan defence personnel generally undergo training at various Indian army institutes including Indian Military Academy and Officers Training Academies.
If we talk about India’s contribution in the UN peacekeeping missions, so far the country has taken part in 43 peacekeeping missions, and close to 2 lakh Indian soldiers participated in them. The country is sending its soldiers in peacekeeping missions since 1950. Currently, India soldiers are serving in 13 missions out of 16. During the Defence Expo held in Chennai in April, Prime Minister Narendra Modi also lauded India’s contribution in UN peacekeeping missions.
India and Japan are set to hold their first ever joint military exercise ‘Dharma-Guardian 2018’. The exercise will be conducted between the Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram from November 1 to 14, 2018. The main aim of this exercise is to enhance interoperability and cohesion. The 6/1 Gorkha Rifles will represent the Indian contingent, while the Japanese contingent will be represented by 32 Infantry Regiment.
Both the sides will execute well developed tactical drills for enhancing their capability of countering threats in urban warfare scenario. The exercise will also strengthen the bilateral strategic ties between both the countries. Earlier this month, bilateral maritime exercise JIMEX-18 was also held between India and Japan in Visakhapatnam. Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) Ships Kaga, an Izumo Class Helicopter Destroyer and Inazuma, a guided missile destroyer participated in the exercise. The exercise concluded on October 15. The ships from the Eastern Naval Command (ENC) of the Indian Navy took part in the exercise.
Japan is also a permanent participant in the Malabar series of naval exercises since 2015. It originally started between the Indian and U.S. navies in 1992. The Malabar 2018 trilateral exercise was held off Guam in June. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his recent visit to Japan signed several key agreements including a $75 billion swap agreement. Terms and conditions of this agreement is not yet in the open, but Japan had signed this type of agreement with other countries like China, Singapore and Malaysia. According to this agreement, japan will lend India up to $75 billion over a period of time. At the time of redemption, the cost of the dollar will remain the same and hence there is no exchange risk. However, Japan will charge a swap rate which can be linked to LIBOR (London Inter-bank Offered Rate).